How desperate are cities and states to spruce their economy? The main solution to the "moar jobz" problem seems to be create gambling zones. Like sin or vice taxation, the state gooses tax receipts off of the addictions and degeneracy of some of its citizens. Plus, there are jobs, jobs, jobs, which to an increasingly lumpenprole America, pay just enough to be worth it. Along the lines of poor taxation and regulation to spruce employment is the concept of tax breaks for filming Hollywood productions. These are subsidies for an already wealthy industry and high net work individuals because of the post-FDR national obsession with full employment being the yardstick for effective governance.
As explained in this insightful LA Times article, film location tax credits offer a state tax credit for production completed in that state. This can be as high as 30% in some states with items like actors' salaries even included. It is a subsidy for film production reducing costs for Hollywood, which continues to see revenues rise. Say Lionsgate is in negotiations with a network like AMC or Pivot to produce a series. Lionsgate might try to hardball the percent of what they will pay for production down from 70% to 50%. Either way, the tax credit is applied to production, slashing their costs even further. Some states allow these tax credits to be sold, which gives studios the option of waiting for their credit to be paid out or selling the credit to another party. Middlemen arrange a sale of say a $1 million credit for $900,000, collect a 1% commission, send a fidner's fee to their network fo scouts, and sit back as a high net worth individual or company in say Pennsylvania or Georgia spends 900K to save $1 mil off their tax bill. The Hollywood production company gets a chunk of money up front, the credit purchaser gets an immediate return on their investment by shaving their tax bill, and a network of middlemen collect a vig.
Why? Handout to the donor classes. Supposedly, the local economies see a construction or injection fo cash due to exposure, but who watches films shot in georgia and screams, "I have GOT to go to Georgia!" Maybe films shot in Hawaii. No helpful effect on residents or locals. Nothing is permanent as any work is for the limited production, but the temporary boost helps local construction firms maintain their planning. While previously protected by the location dependence of Hollywood production, the middle class of production workers in southern California now feels the squeeze and their work drains away. They now know how CNC machinists feel in Ohio. The article does sight how the consulting and financial firms involved in state tax credit deals have grown in size, so the financialization of every industry leaves no sector untouched. The money flows in and out from one wealthy pocket to the next, and state governments see lower tax receipts.
There could be something with the artform going on with this change. While certain things can be CGI, shooting on location has grown in use. This could be the next step in the artistic effect of forever progressing from stage to reality. The scene set up and acting of Edward G. Robinson and his early movies was obviously from the stage. Gone With the Wind filmed Atlanta as a soundtsage, Holiday Inn and White Christmas used sets including the same big inn, and The Shining was a collection of beautiful sets. Compare any premier cop drama on television through the years. Viewers progressively want the illusion to be better and more real. If they remake White Christmas, the filming will probably be at a real inn in Oregon not a soundstage in California, but would it make it any better?
This could explain reality programming's growth, appeal and success. Reality TV (like gonzo-POV porn) was where we'd end up because of our ever demanding need for it to feel real. Shed the facade that it is phony, and we're reacting to something scripted to get us to react. We're sad that Michael Corleone has his sweet, simple brother killed, but after the movie is done, we realize we were manipulated to feel upset by a forgery. Reality programming brings back the unknown and our reactions are directly off of real people as if it is a shared experience. The voyeurism has been at play for decades from Hitchcock's playful opening of the 39 Steps with the lit letters starting the show to scripted reality, which blurs the lines further. Shooting in different locations feeds that craving for reality.
This is still a fake policy that serves the conencted and wealthy. Nothing is fixed. Filming in rural Louisiana does not improve the long term comfort of citizens. If states or municipalities want to boost citizens' self-esteem and fix up the area, just create makework beautify and clean up projects. Send 10,000 unemployed college graduates in Michigan to Detroit to clean up using salad forks and sandwich bags so it takes longer. Cross reference database of peole on social welfare with non-profit or school security needs elsewhere. What is the point? These idiotic policies are done in the name of full employment and maximizing GDP. Politicians need that to rest on as their measuring stick for re-election. It is the same game as in 1932. It is a failed goal. We need to progress from full economy to something greater. In atomized world and highly segmented society, how do we settle on greater? The goal of multiculturalism and greater diversity might be to weaken that so no one pays attention to the connected and wealthy continuing to loot the public treasury.